- students who are advanced in one or many areas of development
-exceed expectations of teachers, parents in areas of school curriculum
-developmentally advanced in specific domains
-" students are considered gifted when they possess demonstrated or potential abilities that give evidence of exceptionally high capability with respect to intellect, creativity, or the skills associated with specific disciplines"
- they may demonstrate outstanding abilities in more than one area, they may also have accompanying disabilities

Characteristics of Gifted Students
- large vocabulary and high verbal fluency
-excellent retention of new knowledge
=facility for learning quickly and easily
-ability to generalize information
-ability to make abstractions readily
-good observational skills; the capacity to identify similarities, differences and relationships
-good organizational and planning skills (pg.74)

(Emily) - Hutchinson, N. L. (2010) Pg 73

The Ministry of Ontario defines giftedness in the Special Education document as:

Giftedness is "..an unusually advanced degree of general intellectual ability that requires differentiated learning experiences of a depth and breadth beyond those normally provided in the regular school program to satisfy the level of educational potential indicated."

An additional major component of gifted behavior is exceptional insight. Significant, creative, intellectual accomplishment in science and literature, for example, almost always involves major intellectual insight-a trait that goes beyond the ability to process information rapidly (Davidson and Sternberg 1984)